【数字英语】 1-1000 英语数字对照表&念法

在英语中,正确地表达数字或是听懂数字是很基础的沟通。我们这篇教学文章将提供阿拉伯数字1-1000的英语对照表,并提供读法。最后我们会讲解如何转换英语数字跟中文的数字单位。无论是在日常对话、商业场合,希望帮助大家可以更有自信地使用英语表达数字。跟今天的主题相关的还有英语日期格式、月份、星期或是序数词,大家可以详读我们的上一篇文章熟悉英语的时间单位与使用方法。

一、1-10 英语数字:

首先是最基本的数字 1-10,这部分一定要用力的背起来,这里也附上「序数」(ordinal number)方便大家一起记忆:

基数读法序数读法
1 One 1st First
2 Two 2nd Second
3 Three 3rd Third
4 Four 4th Fourth
5 Five 5th Fifth
6 Six 6th Sixth
7 Seven 7th seventh
8 Eight 8th eighth
9 Nine 9th ninth
10 Ten 10th tenth
基数读法序数读法
1 One 1st First
2 Two 2nd Second
3 Three 3rd Third
4 Four 4th Fourth
5 Five 5th Fifth
6 Six 6th Sixth
7 Seven 7th seventh
8 Eight 8th eighth
9 Nine 9th ninth
10 Ten 10th tenth

注意:数字0的英语为 zero,有时候也会直接读作英语字母O的发音,尤其是关于电话号码、房号或年份等。

二、11-19 :

再来是第二组数字从 11 到 19。这组稍微一点点复杂,11 与 12 一样较为特殊需要背诵。但不用担心,从数字13开始有一定的规则都是用teen当字尾,teen这个字根代表「十」,而这些字的重音在 teen。

基数读法
11 Eleven
12 Twelve
13 Thirteen
14 Fourteen
15 Fifteen
16 Sixteen
17 Seventeen
18 Eighteen
19 Nineteen
基数读法
11 Eleven
12 Twelve
13 Thirteen
14 Fourteen
15 Fifteen
16 Sixteen
17 Seventeen
18 Eighteen
19 Nineteen

三、数字 20 到 90 :

先来看 20 到 90的十位数们,它们也很有规则,都是以 ty 当字尾:

基数读法
20 Twenty
30 Thirty
40 Forty
50 Fifty
60 Sixty
70 Seventy
80 Eighty
90 Ninety
基数读法
20 Twenty
30 Thirty
40 Forty
50 Fifty
60 Sixty
70 Seventy
80 Eighty
90 Ninety

再来 21-99 可用「十位+个位」的规则去记忆,完整的列表如下:

基数读法
20 Twenty
21 Twenty-one
22 Twenty-two
23 Twenty-three
24 Twenty-four
25 Twenty-five
26 Twenty-six
27 Twenty-seven
28 Twenty-eight
29 Twenty-nine
30 Thirty
31 Thirty-one
32 Thirty-two
33 Thirty-three
34 Thirty-four
35 Thirty-five
36 Thirty-six
37 Thirty-seven
38 Thirty-eight
39 Thirty-nine
40 Forty
41 Forty-one
42 Forty-two
43 Forty-three
44 Forty-four
45 Forty-five
46 Forty-six
47 Forty-seven
48 Forty-eight
49 Forty-nine
50 Fifty
51 Fifty-one
52 Fifty-two
53 Fifty-three
54 Fifty-four
55 Fifty-five
56 Fifty-six
57 Fifty-seven
58 Fifty-eight
59 Fifty-nine
60 Sixty
61 Sixty-one
62 Sixty-two
63 Sixty-three
64 Sixty-four
65 Sixty-five
66 Sixty-six
67 Sixty-seven
68 Sixty-eight
69 Sixty-nine
70 Seventy
71 Seventy-one
72 Seventy-two
73 Seventy-three
74 Seventy-four
75 Seventy-five
76 Seventy-six
77 Seventy-seven
78 Seventy-eight
79 Seventy-nine
80 Eighty
81 Eighty-one
82 Eighty-two
83 Eighty-three
84 Eighty-four
85 Eighty-five
86 Eighty-six
87 Eighty-seven
88 Eighty-eight
89 Eighty-nine
90 Ninety
91 Ninety-one
92 Ninety-two
93 Ninety-three
94 Ninety-four
95 Ninety-five
96 Ninety-six
97 Ninety-seven
98 Ninety-eight
99 Ninety-nine
基数读法
20 Twenty
21 Twenty-one
22 Twenty-two
23 Twenty-three
24 Twenty-four
25 Twenty-five
26 Twenty-six
27 Twenty-seven
28 Twenty-eight
29 Twenty-nine
30 Thirty
31 Thirty-one
32 Thirty-two
33 Thirty-three
34 Thirty-four
35 Thirty-five
36 Thirty-six
37 Thirty-seven
38 Thirty-eight
39 Thirty-nine
40 Forty
41 Forty-one
42 Forty-two
43 Forty-three
44 Forty-four
45 Forty-five
46 Forty-six
47 Forty-seven
48 Forty-eight
49 Forty-nine
50 Fifty
51 Fifty-one
52 Fifty-two
53 Fifty-three
54 Fifty-four
55 Fifty-five
56 Fifty-six
57 Fifty-seven
58 Fifty-eight
59 Fifty-nine
60 Sixty
61 Sixty-one
62 Sixty-two
63 Sixty-three
64 Sixty-four
65 Sixty-five
66 Sixty-six
67 Sixty-seven
68 Sixty-eight
69 Sixty-nine
70 Seventy
71 Seventy-one
72 Seventy-two
73 Seventy-three
74 Seventy-four
75 Seventy-five
76 Seventy-six
77 Seventy-seven
78 Seventy-eight
79 Seventy-nine
80 Eighty
81 Eighty-one
82 Eighty-two
83 Eighty-three
84 Eighty-four
85 Eighty-five
86 Eighty-six
87 Eighty-seven
88 Eighty-eight
89 Eighty-nine
90 Ninety
91 Ninety-one
92 Ninety-two
93 Ninety-three
94 Ninety-four
95 Ninety-five
96 Ninety-six
97 Ninety-seven
98 Ninety-eight
99 Ninety-nine

三、100 到 1000 :

接下来,你需要 hundred “百” 这个词,来组合以百为单位的数字:

基数读法
100 One hundred
200 Two hundred
300 Three hundred
400 Four hundred
500 Five hundred
600 Six hundred
700 Seven hundred
800 Eight hundred
900 Nine hundred
基数读法
100 One hundred
200 Two hundred
300 Three hundred
400 Four hundred
500 Five hundred
600 Six hundred
700 Seven hundred
800 Eight hundred
900 Nine hundred

以千为单位的数字,会由数字和单位词 "thousand" 的规则组成:

基数读法
1000 One thousand
2000 Two thousand
3000 Three thousand
基数读法
1000 One thousand
2000 Two thousand
3000 Three thousand

四、千以上的英语单位呢?

  • Thousand(千)
  • Million(百万)
  • Billion(十亿)
  • Trillion(兆)

这些单位通常用于表达大型数字,例如钱、人口数、国内生产总值 GDP 等。

要注意的是,英语是以3个数字为一个单位。

  • 3 个 0 是 hundred
  • 6 个 0 是 million
  • 9 个 0 是 billion
  • 12 个 0 是 trillon

而中文则是 4个数字为一个单位:

  • 4 个 0 是「万」
  • 8 个 0 是「亿」
  • 12 个 0 是「兆」

例如:

基数读法中文
100 one hundred 一百
1,000 one thousand 一千
10,000 ten thousand 一万
1,000,000 one million 一百万
10,000,000 ten million 一千万
100,000,000 one hundred million 一亿
基数读法中文
100 one hundred 一百
1,000 one thousand 一千
10,000 ten thousand 一万
1,000,000 one million 一百万
10,000,000 ten million 一千万
100,000,000 one hundred million 一亿
基数读法中文
1,000,000,000 one billion 十亿
10,000,000,000 ten billion 百亿
100,000,000,000 one hundred billion 千亿
1,000,000,000,000 one trillion 一兆
基数读法中文
1,000,000,000 one billion 十亿
10,000,000,000 ten billion 百亿
100,000,000,000 one hundred billion 千亿
1,000,000,000,000 one trillion 一兆

五、这些比较大的英语数字该怎么发音呢?

其实很简单,只要将每个数字逐位读出来,加上他们的单位词即可。例如:

  • 453,648 = Four hundred fifty-three thousand, six hundred forty-eight.
  • 143,029,433,241,643 = One hundred forty-three trillion, twenty-nine billion, four hundred thirty-three million, two hundred forty-one thousand, six hundred forty-three.

注意:英语罗马数字间的千分隔符号(, 逗号),仅用于表示数字的结构让我们更容易阅读。而在实际读英语数字时不用将符号特别读出来,请将他与相对应的单位取代。

六、其他小数字像分数、小数、百分比的表达方法?

  1. 分数(Fractions):用英语数字来表示分子和分母,中间以斜线分隔。例如:1/2(one half)、 1/3 (one third)、3/4(three quarters)、5/8(five eighths)。
  2. 小数(Decimals):用小数点(decimal point)来表示整数和小数部分。例如:0.5(zero point five)、1.75(one point seven five)、3.14(three point one four)。
  3. 百分比(Percentages):百分比表示比例的一部分,以百分比符号(%)来表示。例如:50%(fifty percent)、25%(twenty-five percent)、75%(seventy-five percent)。

结论:

掌握数字的英语表达和它们的读法是学英语的基础之一。本篇教学文章提供了数字1-1000的英语对照表,并介绍了数字英语的基本规则与它们的读法。想提升自己的英语能力,除了读我们的文章,你还也可以使用 Langster 轻松地从初级到中高级的英语短文中学习,学英语同时还可以增长知识👇

希望这篇文章对你学习英语有帮助,那我们下次见啰!