Soren sits on his desk and is coloring a book while saying “blue is “Azul” in Spanish”.

¡Hola, amigos! Are you interested in learning how to speak Spanish and expanding your vocabulary? Today, we're going to dive into the colorful world of Spanish colors and how to use them to describe what's around you.

Whether you're a beginner or an intermediate Spanish learner, this article will be a helpful and fun resource for improving your language skills. So, grab a pen and paper, and let's start learning some of the vibrant words in this colorful language!

Essential Spanish Colors

There is no specific number of color words in Spanish, as new colors can be formed by combining existing words or using adjectives and nouns to describe new shades.

We’ll start with 10 essential colors in Spanish and their English translations:























These colors are often taught to children, as they are quite easy to learn, but colors are also very useful for adults to learn when studying Spanish.

Mind you; there are some differences in the Spanish color words used in Spain and in Latin America. For example, in Argentina, people use the Spanish word "violeta" to refer to the color purple, while in Spain they use the word "morado."

Plus, there are many words that modify the colors themselves, such as azul "marino" (navy blue) or verde "manzana" (apple green).

 a tablet screen showing different colors (purple = morado, green = verde, yellow = amarillo, grey = gris).

It's also important to note that the Spanish words for colors can become adjectives, so they must match the gender and number of the noun they're modifying. We'll give you more details about this feature of Spanish vocabulary below.

Grammar Rules for Using Spanish Colors

Now that you've learned los colores, it's time to focus on how to use them correctly in everyday life. Grammar rules play a crucial role in effective communication, and this section is dedicated to helping you understand the grammar rules for Spanish colors.

Rule 1: Placement of the Adjective

In English, adjectives typically come before the noun they modify. However, in Spanish, it’s the opposite: adjectives come after nouns. Have a look at these example sentences:



El libro verde

The green book

Un cielo celeste

A blue sky

El color rosa

The color pink

Rule 2: Comparative and Superlative Forms

Colors in Spanish can take comparative and superlative forms to express a degree of comparison. For example, El coche rojo es más rápido que el coche azul (The red car is faster than the blue car).

 Iggy and Soren on the street, pointing at two cars passing by and saying “el coche rojo es rápido” and “el azul es más rápido”.

Rule 3: Gender & Number Agreement for Colors in Spanish

As stated above, Spanish colors ("los colores") are adjectives that have to agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. Different from English, Spanish colors have a masculine and a feminine form. This means that they will change their spelling and pronunciation depending on the noun they modify. For example:



La ciudad roja

The red city

El auto rojo

The red car

Here are the rules for forming the masculine and feminine forms of Spanish color adjectives:

Masculine Singular

The masculine singular form is typically the base form of the adjective, and this is signaled by the article "el." For example:



el color azul

the color blue

el color verde

the color green

Feminine singular

To form the feminine singular form, add -a to the masculine singular form and remove the last vowel. For example, "rojo" becomes "roja" (red). Note that not all colors will change their form.

Masculine plural

To form the masculine plural form, add -os or -es to the masculine singular form. For example, "azul" becomes "azules" (blue) and "rojo" becomes "rojos" (red).

Feminine plural

To form the feminine plural form, add -as to the feminine singular form. For example, "amarillo" becomes "amarillas" (yellow).

Irregular Spanish Colors

It's important to note that some Spanish color adjectives are irregular and don't follow the standard pattern.

For example, "gris" (grey) is the same in both the masculine and feminine singular forms, and so are "verde" (green) and "rosa" (pink). It's a good idea to memorize the forms of these common Spanish adjectives as you learn them, as well as the position of adjectives in Spanish.

The Origins of the Spanish Color Words

Many other languages have influenced modern Spanish, and this shows in the linguistic origin of Spanish colors. Here are some of the languages that have influenced los colores:


As a Romance language, Spanish has countless vocabulary words that derive from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire.

Iggy dressed in traditional Roman clothes, inside a temple.

For example, rojo (red) comes from the Latin "rufus," and blanco (white) comes from the Latin "blancus."


During the Muslim occupation of the Iberian Peninsula, many Spanish words were adopted from Arabic, including some color words. For example, "azul" (blue) comes from the Arabic "al-zawal," and "amarillo" (yellow) comes from the Arabic "al-mašriq."

Indigenous Languages

Some Spanish color words come from indigenous languages of the Americas, including the Aztecs and the Incas. For example, morado (purple) comes from the Nahuatl word "mōllatl."

How to Talk About Colors in Spanish

Wondering how to express your love for a certain color? Here are some examples of phrases you can use:



Mi color favorito es el azul.

My favorite color is blue.

El color que más me gusta es...

The color I like the most is...

Me encanta el color...

I love the color...

El color que más me llama la atención es...

The color that catches my attention the most is...

Mis tonalidades preferidas son...

My favorite color shades are...

Tengo un debilidad por el color...

I'm weak for...

It's also possible to ask someone else about their favorite color by saying:



¿Cuál es tu color favorito?

What is your favorite color?

And, if you'd like to know the color of something, you can ask "¿de qué color es?"

The Bottom Line

Soren at home, holding his phone in his hand and saying “las rosas son rojas, las violetas azules…”

In conclusion, learning the words for colors in Spanish is an important aspect of developing your Spanish language skills. By mastering this vocabulary, you can improve your ability to describe and understand the world around you when interacting in Spanish.

Just remember to focus not only on memorizing new words but also on learning their correct pronunciation, as Spanish pronunciation can be different from English.

One effective way to learn these new words in Spanish, as well as other vocabulary, is by using a language learning app. With these practical tools, you'll be able to practice your pronunciation, learn new words in context, and even interact with native speakers to take your Spanish skills to the next level.

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Daniela brings over a decade of expertise as a university-level ESL instructor, guiding students from diverse global backgrounds in learning both English and Spanish languages. Beyond her pedagogical pursuits, Daniela's passions extend to writing, painting, and cooking delicious Argentinian dishes. With boundless enthusiasm, she endeavors to impart her wealth of knowledge on languages and cultures, inviting you to learn more!