1. Possessive Determiners (Unstressed) - Usage and Form
  2. Possessive Pronouns - Usage and Form

Possessives, as their name suggests, indicate possession or that something belongs to someone. If the possessive accompanies a noun, then it is a possessive determiner. If the noun is omitted, it is a possessive pronoun.



Esa es mi mochila.

That is my backpack.

Esa mochila es mía.

That backpack is mine.

Possessive Determiners (Unstressed) - Usage and Form

There are two types of possessive determiners in Spanish: tonic (or stressed) and atonic (or unstressed). Tonic or stressed possessive determiners always follow the noun that designates the thing possessed. In this grammar point, we will just cover unstressed possesive determiners to avoid confusion, and talk about tonic possessive determiners when we get to a higher language level.

Rule 1. We use unstressed possessive determiners to indicate that an object belongs to someone.



Estoy buscando mi vestido verde.

I am looking for my green dress.

Rule 2. Possessive determiners correspond to the grammatical persons.

Subject PronounPossesive determiner
yo mi(s)
tú* tu(s)
él, ella, usted su(s)
nosotros, nosotras nuestro(s), nuestra(s)
vosotros, vosotras vuestro(s), vuestra(s)
ellos, ellas, ustedes su(s)

*Note that the possessive determiner of tu doesn't have an accent mark to differentiate it from the subject pronoun.

Rule 3. All possessive determiners must agree in number. In the case of nosotros(as) and vosotros(as), they must also agree in gender.



Su gato es muy tranquilo.

His cat is very calm.

Nuestros perritos son muy adorables.

Our puppies are very adorable.

Possessive Pronouns - Usage and Form

Rule 4. Possessive pronouns do not complement the noun. Instead, they substitute it to avoid repetition. They require a definite article and have to agree in both gender and number with the noun they are substituting.



No es mi falda, es la suya.

It's not my skirt, it's hers.

Rule 5. Each person has a pronoun. In this case, since their function is to substitute a noun, they all have a gender and number, in contrast with the possessive determiners.

Subject PronounSingularPlural
yo el mío, la mía los míos, las mías
el tuyo, la tuya los tuyos, las tuyas
él, ella, usted el suyo, la suya los suyos, las suyas
nosotros, nosotras el nuestro, la nuestra los nuestros, las nuestras
vosotros, vosotras el vuestro, la vuestra los vuestros, las vuestras
ellos, ellas, ustedes el suyo, la suya los suyos, las suyas



No me gusta mi platillo, me gusta más el suyo.

I don't like my dish, I like hers better.

Sus mascotas son muy cariñosas, las nuestras son más traviesas.

Their pets are very affectionate, ours are more mischievous.



___________ perro es pequeño. (my)


correct answers.