- Types of Adjectives
- Adjective placement
Adjectives (los adjetivos) are words that modify nouns. In other words, they provide complementary or descriptive information about a subject or object. Some adjectives also have the function of becoming adverbs.
Mi mejor amiga es hermosa.
My best friend is beautiful.
Types of Adjectives
In Spanish, there are different types of adjectives that provide different information.
Qualifying Adjectives (Adjetivos Calificativos)
Rule 1. This type of adjective has the function of describing the characteristics (physical or abstract) of the subject. In a person, this can be height, complexion, personality, etc. Only qualifying adjectives admit degrees: positive degree, comparative degree, and superlative degree.
Mi prima es alta y rubia.
My cousin is tall and blonde.
Relational Adjectives (Adjetivos relacionales)
Rule 2. This type of adjective indicates a relationship between the adjective and the noun to which it refers.
La reunión familiar.
The family reunion.
Possessive Adjectives (los Adjetivos Posesivos)
Rule 3. Possessive adjectives, also called possessive determiners, tell us to whom something belongs.
Es mi vestido verde.
It's my green dress.
Demonstrative Adjectives (los demostrativos)
Rule 4. Demonstratives are used to identify a person, animal, or thing by indicating its distance from the speaker. Este is used when the thing is near the speaker, ese is used when the thing is near the person being spoken to, and aquel is used when it is far away from both of them.
Esa falda me gustá más.
I like that skirt better.
Numerals (Adjetivos Numerales)
Rule 5. These are a type of determinative adjectives that indicate the quantity of something.
Hay un perro en mi casa.
There's one dog at my house.
Rule 1. Adjectives such as numerals, possessive adjectives, and demonstratives are generally placed before the noun they modify.
Rule 2. In Spanish, qualifying adjectives are generally placed after the noun they modify.
Mi perro es juguetón.
My dog is playful.
Tenemos _____ gato de mascota.