1. Aus & Von
  2. Durch
  3. Gegenüber
  4. Um (herum)
  5. Entlang

There are many prepositions of place in German that answer the questions "where?" and "where to?" Most of them are used with a certain case.

Let's take a look at some of the common prepositions of place.

Aus & Von

Rule 1: By using "aus" and "von", you tell people where you come from.

"Aus" describes that you are moving physically out of a place. It is also used to explain your roots.



Wann kommt sie aus dem Bad?

When is she coming out of the bathroom?

Ich komme aus Spanien.

I come from Spain.

Rule 2: When using "von", you can say that you come from a certain place (or certain activity).



Wann kommst du von der Arbeit zurück?

When are you coming back from work?

Note: Both prepositions are always used with the dative case.


Rule 3: The preposition "durch" describes the crossing or passing of something. It always comes with accusative case.



Wir gehen durch das Tor.

We’re walking through the gate.


Rule 4: The preposition "gegenüber" describes that somebody or something is placed frontally on the other side of something. It always comes with the dative case.



Das Hotel befindet sich gegenüber dem Bahnhof.

The hotel is opposite the train station.

Rule 5: "Gegenüber" can be placed before or after the noun, but always after a personal pronoun.



Sie stand mir gegenüber.

She faced me.

Um (herum)

Rule 6: The preposition "um (...herum)" indicates a circular movement around something, or that someone/something is surrounded by something.



Sie fuhren mit dem Boot um die Insel (herum).

They went around the island by boat.

Wir sitzen um den Tisch herum.

We sit around the table.


Rule 7: The preposition "entlang" describes a movement in a parallel direction, next to a specified boundary (with the idea of following alongside something).

Rule 8: This preposition can come before or after a noun. When the noun comes first, we use accusative case, but when the preposition comes first, we use genitive instead. The meaning remains the same.



Ich laufe die Straße entlang.

Ich laufe entlang der Straße.

I walk along the street.