- Comparative Adjectives
- Superlative Adjectives
- Irregular Adjectives
- Comparison of Quantities
When comparing two or more entities or groups of entities in quality or degree, we use comparative and superlative adjectives.
Hermione est plus intelligente que Ron.
Hermione is more clever than Ron.
Hermione est la plus intelligente de toutes.
Hermione is the most clever of them all.
Rule 1: To compare adjectives, we use plus, moins, aussi in front of the adjective and the reference word of the comparison is followed by que.
Comparative adjectives can be used to show different qualities of degree:
- Superiority: "more than"
Alex est plus grand que Jean.
Alex is taller than Jean.
- Inferiority: "less than"
Jean est moins grand qu’Alex.
Jean is less tall than Alex.
Note: before a vowel or an h muet, we use qu'.
- Equality: "as [big] as"
Sophie est aussi grande que Laura.
Sophie is as tall as Laura.
Rule 2: Be careful, the adjective also agrees with the noun to which it refers.
Rule 3: The superlative is the highest degree of a quality. In French it is formed with a definite article (le, la, les) and the adverb plus or moins.
Superlative adjectives can be used to show different qualities of degree:
- Superiority: "the most"
Fiona est la plus grande.
Fiona is the tallest.
- Inferiority: "the least"
Fabrice est le moins rapide.
Fabrice is the slowest.
Rule 4: Be careful, the superlative also agrees with the noun to which it refers.
Rule 5: The comparative and superlative forms of mauvais (bad) are irregular:
Rogue est un pire professeur que Lupin.
Snape is a worse teacher than Lupin.
le/la pire (the worst)
Ombrage était le pire professeur de Poudlard.
Umbridge was the worst teacher at Hogwarts.
Rule 6: - The comparative and superlative forms of bon (good) are irregular:
Elle est meilleure élève que toi.
She is a better student than you.
le/la meilleur(e) (the best)
Hermione était la meilleure élève de Poudlard.
Hermione was the best student at Hogwarts.
Rule 7: For both the adjectives mentioned above, in the plural forms, the ending is -s.
Ils sont les pires et les meilleurs étudiants en même temps.
They are the worst and the best students at the same time.
Comparison of Quantities
Rule 8: To compare quantities, the same comparative adjectives are used.
Elle mange moins que moi.
She eats less than me.
Quantities can also be compared by inserting a noun in the following:
- plus de...que (+)
- moins de...que (-)
- autant de...que (=)
No article follows after the preposition de.
J'ai plus de chance que toi.
I have more luck than you.
Translate: It's nicer today than it was yesterday.