- Stem-Changing Verbs Ending in -ayer/-oyer/-uyer
- Verbs Ending in -cer and -ger
- Verbs Ending in -er
Irregular verbs make the French conjugations pretty complicated; however, there are several other particularities you need to be aware of.
J'achète cette robe.
I'm buying this dress.
Stem-Changing Verbs Ending in -ayer/-oyer/-uyer
Rule 1: With verbs that end in -ayer, -oyer, or -uyer, most of time -y- in the root becomes -i- in the singular and in the third person plural. Such verbs are called stem-changing verbs. Let's look at the conjugation of the verb nettoyer (to clean):
|il, elle, on||nettoie|
Rule 2: Please note that with the verbs ending in -ayer, this chance is optional. You can see this on the example of the verb essayer (to try):
|j'||essaie / essaye|
|tu||essaies / essayes|
|il, elle, on||essaie / essaye|
|ils, elles||essaient / essayent|
Verbs Ending in -cer and -ger
Rule 3: For all verbs ending in -cer you have to use -ç- instead of -c- in the first person plural so that the pronunciation of the stem is preserved.
vous commencez, nous commençons
you start, we start
Rule 4: For all verbs ending in -ger, you have to use -ge- instead of -g- in the first person plural so that the pronunciation of the stem is preserved.
vous mangez, nous mangeons
you eat, we eat
Verbs Ending in -er
- Verbs ending in -é…er:
Rule 5: Before a silent -e, the -é changes to -è (in the singular and in the third person plural).
je préfère, nous préférons
I prefer, we prefer
- Verbs ending in -e…er:
Before a silent -e, the -e changes to -è or a consonant doubles in the stem (in the singular and in the third person plural).
j'achète, nous achetons
I buy, we buy
Envoyer - tu _