- Usage of the Subject Pronouns
- Subject Pronouns in the 3rd Person
The subject pronoun takes the position of the subject in the sentence.
Elle adore le chocolat.
She loves chocolate.
Usage of the Subject Pronouns
- Je: replaces the speaking person (I). It's also used as j’ before vowels and silent h.
- Tu: replaces the person someone is talking to (you).
- Il or elle: replaces the object or person we are talking about (he, she or it).
- Nous: replaces the people who speak, including "me" (us).
- Vous: replaces the people you talk to and also as polite form (you).
- Ils or elles: replaces the people or things we are talking about (they).
Nous achetons cette voiture.
We are buying this car.
Subject Pronouns in the 3rd Person
The 3rd person singular and plural differ in male and female:
- Il: subject is masculine.
- Elle: subject is feminine.
- Ils: subjects are only masculine or mixed.
- Elles: subjects are only feminine.
Peter et Anna sont rentrés chez eux. Ils sont rentrés chez eux.
Peter and Anna went home. They went home.
Emily et Anna sont rentrées chez elles. Elles sont rentrées chez elles.
Emily and Anna went home. They went home.
We are going to the park.