CONTENT
  1. Usage of the Impersonal Pronoun Il
  2. French Weather Verbs

Usage of the Impersonal Pronoun Il

Rule 1: The impersonal pronoun il is used in French when an action has no agent, that is, when there is no person or animate being responsible for the action.

French

English

Il faut cinq heures pour aller de Toulouse à Paris en train.

It takes five hours to get from Toulouse to Paris by train.

Rule 2: The conjugated verb is always in the third person singular.

French

English

Il faut dormir la nuit.

One has to sleep at night.

Il y a deux livres sur la table.

There are two books on the table.

Il se peut que je sois en retard.

It is possible that I will be late.

French Weather Verbs

Rule 3: The impersonal pronoun il is mostly used with the French weather verbs. Here they are:

verbexampletranslation
faire Il fait beau. It's nice outside / the weather is nice.
geler Il gèle. It's freezing.
neiger Il neige. It's snowing.
pleuvoir Il pleut. It's raining.

And now that you know all that, let's see whether you can differentiate the personal pronoun il from the impersonal one.

Quiz

1/4

Il y a 30 filles dans notre classe.

0

correct answers.