Plural Nouns

CONTENT
  1. Spelling Rules
  2. Irregular Plural Endings
  3. Nouns Without Plural Ending

Wu can use nouns in the English language in their singular or plural form. Singular nouns are used to describe that there is just one of something. Plural nouns are used to describe that there is more than one.

Example

Explanation

one car; many cars

one car - singular; many cars - plural

Spelling Rules

Rule 1: We can form the plural by adding an -s to the singular.

SingularPlural
book books
chair chairs
table tables

Rule 2: With nouns that end with -s, -ch, -x, -z, we can form the plural by adding -es to the singular. Also, a -z at the end of a noun is doubled.

SingularPlural
dress dresses
church churches
box boxes
quiz quizzes

Rule 3: With nouns that end with -o, we can form the plural by adding -es to the singular. But, with nouns that end with vowel + o, abbreviations, and nouns that originate from foreign languages, we can form the plural using -s only.

SingularPluralExplanation
potato potatoes consonant +o
radio radios vowel +o
kilo kilos abbreviation
piano pianos originated from Italian

Rule 4: With nouns that end with -y after a consonant, we can form the plural by adding -s and changing -y to -ie.

Note: In nouns that end with -y after a vowel, the ending before -s doesn’t change.

SingularPluralExplanation
library libraries -y after a consonant
toy toys -y after a vowel

Rule 5: With many nouns that end with -f or -fe, we can form the plural by adding -es and changing -f/-fe to -v.

SingularPlural
leaf leaves
knife knives

Irregular Plural Endings

Rule 6: Some English singular nouns have special plural forms that should be remembered separately.

Here are some of the most common English nouns with irregular plural endings:

SingularPlural
man men
woman women
child children
person people
foot feet
tooth teeth
mouse mice
goose geese

Nouns Without Plural Ending

Rule 7: Some English nouns have the same endings in both singular and plural forms. These include some nouns whose singular form ends with -s, certain animals, and means of transportation ending with -craft.

SingularPluralExplanation
crossroads crossroads singular ends with -s
aircraft aircraft means of transportation ending with -craft
fish fish certain animals

Quiz

1/4

Form the plural. Every week has 7 ___.

0

correct answers.