Two friends studying Spanish.

The Spanish language is rich in culture and full of vibrant sounds, so it’s no surprise that its alphabet reflects the same qualities. The Spanish alphabet consists of 27 letters – the same 26 letters that make up the English alphabet, plus one additional letter.

Learning and memorizing the Spanish alphabet can seem daunting at first, but with consistent practice, it will soon become second nature. The letters and symbols of the Spanish alphabet add variety, richness, and beauty to the language, making learning an enjoyable and rewarding journey.

With patience, diligence, and the right resources, anyone can become fluent in the language – all it takes is practice! So, let's get started with the Spanish alphabet letters.

The Spanish Letters

Spanish is a phonetic language, which means that letters often have just one pronunciation. Different from English, where the "o" in "women" is different from the "o" in "bold", the letter "o" in Spanish has just one pronunciation.

LetterExample 1Example 2
o oro todo
o women bold
LetterExample 1Example 2
o oro todo
o women bold

So, differentiating between letters is essential to communicating accurately and effectively in this language. Each letter has its own unique sound that can be heard when spoken aloud with proper intonation.

Pocky studying in his desk with a dictionary called “Spanish for beginners”.

The 27 letters of the Spanish alphabet are (in capital and lower-case letters):

Capital LetterLower casePronunciation of the letter
A a a
B b be
C c ce
D d de
E e e
F f efe
G g ge
H h hache
I i i
J j jota
K k ka
L l ele
M m eme
N n ene
Ñ ñ eñe
O o o
P p pe
Q q cu
R r erre
S s ese
T t te
U u u
V v ve
W w doble ve
X x equis
Y y i griega
Z z seta
Capital LetterLower casePronunciation of the letter
A a a
B b be
C c ce
D d de
E e e
F f efe
G g ge
H h hache
I i i
J j jota
K k ka
L l ele
M m eme
N n ene
Ñ ñ eñe
O o o
P p pe
Q q cu
R r erre
S s ese
T t te
U u u
V v ve
W w doble ve
X x equis
Y y i griega
Z z seta

Memorizing each Spanish alphabet letter is the first step to mastering the language!

A Spanish - English Comparison

The Spanish alphabet is similar to the English alphabet in terms of the number of letters and their basic sounds, but there are some notable differences, beginning with how many letters each one has. Let's explore them.

Letter Names

The official Spanish language alphabet is often referred to as "abecedario." While the English alphabet names the letter "w" as "double-u," in Spanish it is called "uve doble" (double-v). Additionally, the letter "y" is known as "i griega" (Greek i) in Spanish.

Spanish Alphabet Pronunciation

Most of the sounds of the letters in Spanish are similar to their English counterparts, but there are a few differences:

LetterExplanationSpanish exampleEnglish pronunciation
C Before "a," "o," or "u," it has a hard "k" sound casa house
C Before "e" or "i," it has a soft "s" sound ciudad city
G Before "e" or "i," it has a softer "h" sound gente people
J It is pronounced as a strong "h", like the English "hello" jugo juice
R It is typically pronounced with a single tap of the tongue against the roof of the mouth rojo red
LetterExplanationSpanish exampleEnglish pronunciation
C Before "a," "o," or "u," it has a hard "k" sound casa house
C Before "e" or "i," it has a soft "s" sound ciudad city
G Before "e" or "i," it has a softer "h" sound gente people
J It is pronounced as a strong "h", like the English "hello" jugo juice
R It is typically pronounced with a single tap of the tongue against the roof of the mouth rojo red

Additional Letters

The Spanish alphabet used to include two additional letters that do not exist in English. While they are still used by Spanish speakers, they do not exist as letters anymore (only in Spanish spelling):

  • "Ch," pronounced as in the English word "church."
  • "Ll," pronounced similarly to the "sh" sound in English words like "she” in Argentina and as “yah” in other Spanish-speaking countries.

Letter Frequency

The frequency of letters in Spanish differs from English. For example, the letter "e" is the most commonly used letter in Spanish, whereas in English, it is "t." This variation affects word patterns and the frequency of certain letter combinations in Spanish words.

It's worth noting that in 2010, the Spanish Royal Academy (Real Academia Española) and the Association of Spanish Language Academies made changes to the Spanish alphabet, removing the letters "ch," "ll," "rr," and "gu" from the official alphabet in all the Spanish accents.

They are now considered letter combinations, and their individual entries were removed from dictionaries.

 Pocky talking to Soren in the classroom, asking “Did you know that “ch” was a letter in Spanish?

The Special Letter Ñ (eñe)

The letter "ñ" is the only special character that is part of the official Spanish alphabet and serves as a distinct sound and symbol.

This letter does not exist in the English alphabet. And, in terms of Spanish pronunciation, it has a unique sound similar to the "ny" in the English word "canyon," as in the Spanish word "niño" (child).

Let's have a look at more examples:

Spanish exampleEnglish translation
Año Year
Mañana Tomorrow
Baño Bathroom
Caño Tube
Spanish exampleEnglish translation
Año Year
Mañana Tomorrow
Baño Bathroom
Caño Tube

Why Learn the Spanish Alphabet?

The Spanish alphabet is a valuable tool for anyone looking to learn the language. From communicating with native speakers to reading books, newspapers, and magazines written in Spanish, understanding the alphabet is essential if you wish to speak Spanish fluently.

Pocky at the beach, sitting in the sand and reading the magazine “Hola”.

Here are some other reasons why learning the Spanish alphabet is important:

  • Proper Pronunciation: Understanding the Spanish alphabet helps you pronounce Spanish words correctly
  • Spelling and Writing: By familiarizing yourself with the letters and their order, you can accurately form words and sentences in Spanish. This skill is particularly important when writing emails, letters, or any other form of written communication.
  • Building Vocabulary: Learning the alphabet helps you expand your Spanish vocabulary. It allows you to recognize and decipher new words when reading and listening to Spanish texts.
  • Reading and Comprehension: When you learn the Spanish alphabet, you can read Spanish texts more effectively, as you can sound out words and gain a better understanding of written materials, including books, newspapers, articles, and websites.
  • Cultural Appreciation: Acquiring knowledge of the Spanish alphabet is a way to appreciate and engage with Spanish-speaking cultures around the world, openingdoors to literature, music, art, and other cultural expressions.
  • Language Learning Progression: Learning the Spanish alphabet is often one of the first steps in language learning. It provides a solid foundation for further study, allowing you to move on to more complex grammar, vocabulary, and communication skills.

The Bottom Line

Pocky with a suitcase going around Spain (maybe a Spanish flag in front of a beautiful building?)

All in all, learning the Spanish alphabet is essential to better understand how to properly spell and pronounce words in Spanish. And, you don't have to just start memorizing the 27 letters one by one.

Instead, you can use effective, engaging resources such as Langster to learn Spanish with real-life stories. Start today, and dive deep into the Spanish-speaking world. ¡Buena suerte!